COVID-19, Coronavirus has led to the global pandemic. It is commonly known to cause damage to Lungs.
With more research and better understanding of the disease we now know that it can cause severe and lasting damage to Kidneys.
Some patients suffering with severe COVID-19 show signs of Kidney damage even those with no underlying kidney problems.
It can affect 30%of patients according to clinical studies.
Early signs of kidney involvement in patients with COVID-19 include abnormal kidney blood tests and high levels of protein in Urine.
In some cases the kidney damage is severe and may require dialysis.
People with diabetes, high blood pressure and some other chronic kidney conditions, have increased risk of kidney damage.
We are still not very clear how COVID-19 exactly leads to Kidney damage.
Among various causes researchers are looking at include
- Lack of Oxygen can lead to kidney problems in patients with Coronavirus. Low Oxygen levels are result of pneumonia commonly seen in severe cases of COVID.
- Damage to Kidney Cells. The virus can directly attack and infect kidney cells.
- Formation of blood clots can clog the smallest blood vessels in the kidney and damage its function.
- The immune response of our body to the infection, produces rush of Cytokines into the body causing severe inflammation. This inflammatory reaction can damage healthy tissue including kidney.
Thus COVID-19 Coronavirus virus can lead to a multisystem failure involving Lungs, heart, liver and kidneys.
We will have more information and answers as we know about the mode and mechanism of Virus action in the body.
For now please strictly follow the government guidelines on COVID-19 prevention, stay safe.
These guidelines are are updated on daily basis.
Positive information is coming about a suitable vaccine.
Our labs and research centres are working hard to find a treatment for this pandemic.
We thank our NHS and all other forces helping during this difficult time.
Mr Haider Syed
Consultant Urological Surgeon
Spire Little Aston Hospital